python requests files parameter

Python Requests Files Parameter

If you are working with Python and need to send files using HTTP requests, you can use the "files" parameter in the requests module. This parameter allows you to upload files to a server using HTTP POST request.

Using the "files" Parameter

To use the "files" parameter, you must first import the requests module:

import requests

Next, you can create a dictionary containing the file name and the file object:

files = {'file': open('filename.txt', 'rb')}

The "rb" mode stands for "read binary". This is important because if you don't specify binary mode, you may encounter issues with encoding.

Now, you can send a POST request to a server using the "files" parameter:

response ='', files=files)

The response variable will contain the server's response. You can check the status code to see if the upload was successful:

if response.status_code == 200:
    print('Upload successful')
    print('Upload failed')

Alternative Usage of "files" Parameter

You can also specify additional data to be sent along with the file:

data = {'key': 'value'}
response ='', files=files, data=data)

In this case, the dictionary "data" contains additional key-value pairs to be sent along with the file.


The "files" parameter in the Python requests module allows you to upload files to a server using HTTP POST request. By understanding how to use this parameter, you can easily send files to a server and automate file uploads.