python requests verify

Python Requests Verify

If you are using Python's Requests library to make HTTP requests, then you might come across the "verify" option. This option is used to verify SSL certificates when making HTTPS requests.

What is SSL?

SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) is a protocol used to secure communication over the internet. It ensures that the data being transmitted between the client and server is encrypted and cannot be intercepted by anyone.

Why do we need to verify SSL certificates?

Whenever you make an HTTPS request, the server sends its SSL certificate to the client. The client needs to verify that the certificate was issued by a trusted authority and that it is still valid. If the certificate cannot be verified, then it might be a fake certificate, or someone might be trying to intercept your communication.

How to use the "verify" option in Python Requests?

The "verify" option in Requests library is used to specify the path to a CA bundle file or a directory containing CA certificates. If you don't specify this option, then Requests will use its own bundle of CA certificates.

import requests

# Using Requests with default verification
response = requests.get('')

# Using Requests with custom verification
response = requests.get('', verify='path/to/certfile')

You can set the "verify" option to False to disable SSL verification altogether. This is not recommended unless you are testing on a local network.

import requests

# Using Requests without verification
response = requests.get('', verify=False)


If you are making HTTPS requests using Python Requests, then it is important to verify SSL certificates to ensure secure communication. You can use the "verify" option in Requests to specify a custom CA bundle file or disable verification altogether.